The Roles of Online Counsellors In Handling Anxiety Disorders
One of the many mental disorders is anxiety disorder which is characterized by increased anxiety where an individual usually has an unpleasant state of inner turmoil together with some nervous behavior such as pacing back and forth as well as a fast heart rate. Online counsellors are becoming more popular globally due to this condition. Fear is also common in people suffering from anxiety disorder where he/she may have a feeling of perceived danger or threat causing some changes in metabolic and organ function as well as ultimate change of behavior. Anxiety disorder can be brought about by a number of reasons such as drugs and substance use, medical conditions such as endocrine disease which leads to hyperactivity of the nervous system and life stresses. Anxiety disorder can also be brought about by inherited genes where there is a family history of mental disorder as well as other risk factors in an individual’s environment such as child abuse, poverty, and persistence of anxiety. Diagnosing an individual with anxiety disorder requires at least six months of observation of certain symptoms related to anxiety disorder such as headache, sweating, hypertension and muscle spasms among others. An online counselor flexibly gives his or her service to the convenience of their patient.
There are a number of anxiety disorders including generalized anxiety disorder, specific phobia, social anxiety disorder, separation anxiety disorder, agoraphobia, panic disorder as well as selective mutism. Generalized anxiety disorder is described by an individual having a long-lasting anxiety which is not focused on any object or situation with an individual experiencing persistent fear and worry with great concern on everyday matter. Specific phobia only occurs when the concerned individual comes across a specific condition or stimulus which can be an animal or a fluid. Panic disorders are usually as a result of stress, fear or exercise which causes abrupt fear and discomfort peaking in a few minutes lasting for some hours leading to trembling, shaking, confusion and even nausea and difficulty in breathing. A person suffering from social anxiety disorder avoids most social gathering as he/she fears negative public scrutiny, embarrassment, humiliation as well as the normal social interaction. Separation anxiety disorder is triggered by a person being separated from certain places as well as people. Selective mutism is similar to social anxiety disorder where an individual is unable to speak in certain locations as well as to specific people.
Anxiety disorder can be treated through lifestyle and behavior change, medication together with therapy. Lifestyle and behavior change includes practices such as stopping drug and substance abuse, ensuring the sleep patterns are regular as well as doing some exercises. Anxiety disorder can also be treated with cognitive behavioral therapy that is guided by a trained online counselor which enables one to develop personal coping strategies and improves cognition, behaviors and emotional regulation. Online counsellors who offer free or charged therapy services are also important in helping individuals suffering from anxiety therapy. Specialized online counselors can prescribe some medications to anxiety disorder patients.